Kerala could be headed for a drought as there is a 34 per cent drop in the South West monsoon. Even though 90 to 100 per cent rain is expected in the North East monsoon, it may not be enough to overcome the deficit.
Effective implementation of drought preventive measures is the need of the hour. Drought prevention can be fruitfully conducted only by carrying forward Government level measures along with creating awareness on drought prevention measures and encouraging the public to resort to water preservation techniques.
Local Self Government Department has been entrusted with the task of effectively implementing drought preventive measures. MGNREGA funds will be used to construct check dams as well as to clean canals and ponds. Services of NCC, NSS, Nehru Yuva Kendra and Scouts & Guides will be utilised by the Local Self Governments in this regard.
Govt offices and institutions have been instructed to make Rain Water Harvesting structures operational with immediate effect. Respective departments have been directed to issue the requisite funds.
Kerala State Electricity Board has been instructed to purchase power from non-hydel sources for current usage so as to ensure that enough water is available in the reservoirs for power generation in the summer.
Public cooperation is essential to effectively implement drought preventive measures. We need to be conscious to avoid the wastage of water and to prevent its misuse. Efforts should me made to reuse water as well. Plants can be watered using waste water from the kitchen, instead of fresh water.
Water should be used keeping an order of priority in mind. Till May 2017 priority should be in the following order, drinking water, domestic use, pets, wild animals, agriculture and industry. Washing cars using drinking water should be avoided.
It needs to be ensured that every single drop of rain from the North East monsoon seeps into the earth. To facilitate this, we should dig rain water harvesting pits, plough lands to facilitate seepage of water, which in turn would raise the ground water table and also increase water levels in wells. During the summer, rate of evaporation is increased due to the increased heat. In order to prevent this, coconut husk and leaves should be spread on the surface to ensure that moisture content is retained in the ground.