Haritha Keralam Mission

Haritha Keralam is an Umbrella Mission integrating the components of Waste Management, Organic Farming, Water Resources Management. It has an ambitious outlook to address the issues of piling waste, impending drought and health hazards due to the consumption of pesticide treated vegetables and in general, the agricultural dependency of the State.

The Haritha Keralam Mission aims to integrate the 3 most important and inter-related sectors through an orchestrated and cascading implementation of three Sub-Missions.

* Household level segregation and safe disposal of organic waste through feasible options like composting, biogas, arrangements for institutional waste disposal, re-use, recycling and safe disposal of non-degradable and electronic waste are given priorities.
* Rejuvenation of tanks, ponds, streams and rivers are the focus in the water resource sector.
* The thrust in promoting organic agriculture will be to produce safe to eat vegetables and fruits to make the state self-sufficient within the next 5 years.

Haritha Keralam is one of the four mega missions announced by the government of Kerala, which emphasize on pro people alternative mode of development.

The mission envisages:

* Pollution-free water sources

* Revival of water sources

* Water conservation with the help of people

* Eco-friendly and sustainable waste management

* Enhancing organic farming

The Mission was launched to address major issues confronting the State like garbage, threat to water sources, environment and ecology besides dwindling food production.
Increasing pollution of water sources, reclamation of ponds and lakes, dwindling rainfall because of climatic changes, entire rain water flowing straight into the sea rain and sand mining in rivers have created a grave situation in the State.

Urgent steps are required for conservation of water sources, prevention of wastage of water, rain water harvesting schemes and conservation and protection of lakes, ponds, rivers and streams. Under the mission, efforts will be made to conserve and protect 44 rivers, 50,000 ponds and 60,000 wells, lakes and streams.

Being industrial and commercial centres, there is huge generation of plastic, E-waste and construction sector waste. But there are not enough garbage treatment plants resulting in waste dumps all over urban areas. Under the Mission State will devise environment friendly scientific methods for treating, managing and disposing of toxic and all other forms of waste.

The State has one of the highest per hectare income at Rs 53,000 among States, majority of the people do farming in 5 cents to 25 cents of land. “We need to concentrate on agriculture sector keeping in view the future food safety needs. Organic farming has to be expanded further to ensure toxic free vegetables and paddy cultivation has to be increased. If 70 lakh households in the State decide to plant atleast one vegetable each it would result in a major change and would also create a new culture.