Tag: ecorestoration

Environmental Conservation by Ecorestoration

Mankind has been reshaping Earth’s ecosystems for generations by large-scale conversion of natural habitats, and unsustainable utilization of bio-resources for food, water, timber, fiber, medicine, fuel etc. Globally ecosystems have undergone significant degradation with negative impacts on environment, biological diversity and peoples’ livelihoods. Cities consume 75% of natural resources and produce 50% of global waste accounting for 60- 80% of global GHG emissions. The once pristine natural habitats are being converted to monoculture plantations and about 75 percent of plant genetic diversity has been lost. In the last two centuries, humans have converted 70% of the grassland, 50% of the savannah, 45% of the temperate deciduous forest, and 27% of the tropical forest biome for agriculture. At the Rio+20 Conference, world leaders recognized that desertification, land degradation and drought, were challenges affecting sustainable development. The recently adopted Sustainable Development Goals has set a target to “Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss by 2020”. (more…)